How to Make Mozzarella Cheese: A Comprehensive Guide

Hello Zeromedia readers! Today, we’re going to teach you how to make mozzarella cheese from scratch. This delicious cheese is perfect for topping pizzas, adding to sandwiches, or just enjoying on its own. Don’t be intimidated – making mozzarella cheese is easier than you might think. Let’s get started!


  1. 1 gallon of whole milk
  2. 1/4 teaspoon of citric acid
  3. 1/4 teaspoon of rennet
  4. 1 tablespoon of salt
  5. Ice water

These ingredients can be found at most grocery stores or online. For the best results, use high-quality whole milk.


  • Large pot
  • Thermometer
  • Slotted spoon
  • Cheesecloth

You’ll also need a colander and large mixing bowl to help strain the cheese.

Step 1: Heat the Milk

Pour the gallon of whole milk into a large pot and heat it over medium heat. Stir the milk constantly to avoid scorching. Use a thermometer to monitor the temperature of the milk – you want it to reach 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

Step 2: Add Citric Acid

Once the milk has reached 90 degrees Fahrenheit, remove it from heat and add 1/4 teaspoon of citric acid. Stir the milk gently for one minute.

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Step 3: Add Rennet

Add 1/4 teaspoon of rennet to the milk and stir it gently for one minute. Cover the pot and let it sit undisturbed for five minutes.

Step 4: Check for Curdling

After five minutes, check the milk for curdling. If it hasn’t curdled, let it sit for a few more minutes. When the milk has curdled, use a knife to cut it into small cubes.

Step 5: Heat the Curds

Put the pot back on low heat and heat the curds to 105 degrees Fahrenheit. Stir gently to avoid clumping.

Step 6: Drain the Curds

Using a slotted spoon, transfer the curds to a colander lined with cheesecloth. Let the curds drain for a few minutes, then sprinkle them with salt.

Step 7: Stretch the Cheese

Fill a large mixing bowl with ice water. Dip the curds into the ice water for a few seconds, then stretch and fold them. Repeat this process until the cheese is smooth and shiny.

Step 8: Store the Cheese

You can either serve the mozzarella cheese immediately or store it in a container filled with brine (water, salt, and vinegar). The cheese will keep in the refrigerator for up to a week.


Can I use skim or low-fat milk?

No, for the best results, it’s essential to use whole milk.

What is rennet?

Rennet is an enzyme that helps the milk curdle and form cheese.

Can I substitute lemon juice for citric acid?

Yes, you can use lemon juice in place of citric acid. Use about 1/4 cup of lemon juice for every gallon of milk.

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Ingredient Amount
Whole Milk 1 gallon
Citric Acid 1/4 teaspoon
Rennet 1/4 teaspoon
Salt 1 tablespoon

Now that you know how to make mozzarella cheese from scratch, you can impress your friends and family with your culinary skills. Enjoy your fresh, homemade cheese!

Goodbye for now – stay tuned for our next interesting article!

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